President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. delivered remarks on the struggling economy amid the coronavirus pandemic. He is retaining his lead over President Trump in Georgia as a hand recount there continues.
Speaking on the economy, Biden says âwe can deliver immediate reliefâ and calls on Congress to act quickly.
Trump has until Wednesday to request a recount in Wisconsin. It would cost him $7.9 million.
WASHINGTON â President-elect Biden will formally announce key members of his White House staff on Tuesday, tapping Representative Cedric L. Richmond of Louisiana to oversee public outreach and installing Jen OâMalley Dillon, who successfully managed his presidential campaign, as a deputy chief of staff, a person familiar with the transition said.
Mr. Biden will also announce that Steve Ricchetti, a longtime confidant, will serve in the White House as a counselor to the president. All three will likely have offices just down the hall from the Oval Office, making them among the most senior aides in the West Wing.
Mr. Richmond will inherit a job once occupied by Valerie Jarrett when she worked in the West Wing for former President Barack Obama. Kellyanne Conway served as counselor to President Trump, the job that Mr. Ricchetti will take. And Ms. OâMalley Dillon will likely oversee White House operations for Mr. Biden.
The announcements come as Mr. Biden moves quickly to establish both his governing agenda and the team he will need to put into effect once he takes office. The president-elect is under pressure to fill those jobs with people of diverse backgrounds, ethnically and ideologically, making good on promises he made during the campaign.
But the appointments of Mr. Richmond, Ms. OâMalley Dillon and Mr. Ricchetti â all loyal lieutenants to Mr. Biden â also suggests the premium that he is placing on surrounding himself with people whose advice he implicitly trusts.
Mr. Richmond, a Democrat from Louisiana, who served as a national co-chairman of Mr. Bidenâs campaign and was an early supporter, had been widely expected to join the Biden White House, and brings with him deep relationships across Capitol Hill. His official move was first reported by Bloomberg.
Mr. Richmond, whose district includes New Orleans, has scheduled a news conference for Tuesday where it is expected that he will announce he is leaving Congress. In a brief phone call Monday night, Mr. Richmond laughingly declined to confirm news of his next steps but acknowledged that he would discuss his âfutureâ on Tuesday.
Mr. Richmond was formerly chairman of the Congressional Black Caucus, and has a close relationship with Representative James E. Clyburn, Democrat of South Carolina, whose February endorsement helped revive Mr. Bidenâs campaign. His district is safely Democratic, and it is not likely his departure from Congress will cause Democrats to lose another seat after an election in which their majority was weakened.
Ms. OâMalley Dillon, a veteran of former President Barack Obamaâs campaigns, has been credited with steering Mr. Bidenâs presidential bid through the difficulties of the pandemic and the challenges of running against an unpredictable rival like President Trump. Her appointment was first announced by NBC News.
Mr. Ricchetti is a close adviser and longtime lobbyist who has been by Mr. Bidenâs side for years. He lobbied for the pharmaceutical industry and served as Mr. Bidenâs chief of staff when he was the vice president.
We all agreed that we want to get the economy back on track. We need our workers to be back on the job by getting the virus under control. Weâre going into a very dark winter. Things are going to get much tougher before they get easier. That requires sparing no effort to fight Covid so that we can open our businesses safely, resume our lives and put this pandemic behind us. Itâs going to be difficult, but it can be done. When we build back better weâll do so with higher wages, including a $15 minimum wage nationwide, better benefits, stronger collective bargaining rights â that you can raise a family. Thatâs how we build back the middle class better than ever. Thatâs how we make sure workers are treated with the dignity and respect they deserve. More people may die if we donât coordinate. Look, as my chief of staff Ron Klain would say â who handled Ebola â the vaccine is important. Itâs of little use until youâre vaccinated. So how do we get the vaccine? How do we get over 300 million Americans vaccinated? Whatâs the game plan? Itâs a huge, huge, huge undertaking to get it done, prioritize those greatest in need, working our way through it and also cooperate with the World Health Organization and the rest of the world in dealing with this.
President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. warned that a âvery dark winterâ was ahead and called on Congress to pass an economic stimulus package immediately to help workers struggling to cope with the coronavirus pandemic.
In his first economic address since winning the election this month, Mr. Biden said he supported a national mask mandate to help curb the rise of the virus and that Congress should provide trillions of dollars in fiscal support to workers, businesses and state and local governments.
âFor millions of Americans whoâve lost hours and wages or have lost jobs, we can deliver immediate relief and it need be done quickly,â Mr. Biden said. âCongress should come together and pass a Covid relief packageâ along the lines of the $3 trillion bill that House Democrats passed earlier this year.
Mr. Biden said that combating the virus remained the most urgent matter, however, and called on President Trump to begin the transition process quickly.
Mr. Biden also said that he wanted to see a mask mandate in the United States, reiterating his request for state and local officials to require citizens to wear face coverings as cases surge during the cold winter months. Aiming fire at the Trump administration, he criticized the president and his advisers for attacking leaders of states like Michigan who have imposed new restrictions on businesses to contain rising case numbers.
Vice President-elect Kamala Harris, speaking before Mr. Biden, said they were focused on âopening this economy responsibly and rebuilding it so it works for working people.â
Earlier on Monday, Mr. Biden and Ms. Harris spoke with business and union leaders to discuss the recovery, including Mary Barra, the chief executive of General Motors; Sonia Syngal, the chief executive of Gap; Satya Nadella, the head of Microsoft; Richard Trumka of the A.F.L.-C.I.O. and Rory Gamble, president of the United Auto Workers.
âThey represent very different perspectives, but Iâm convinced we can all come together around the same table to advance areas of common ground,â Mr. Biden said. He underscored the importance of unity between business leaders and unions and said that unions would have more power under his watch.
Mr. Biden said he supported a robust stimulus package such as the $3 trillion bill that House Democrats passed earlier this year, and he insisted that funding for states and cities needs to be included in such legislation. The president-elect said that sick leave and money for child care were also priorities, arguing that people should not have to choose between working and caring for others.
Credit card data and other indicators suggest that consumers began to pull back spending this month as infection, hospitalization and death rates from the virus surge nationwide. States have begun to impose new restrictions on economic activity in an effort to tamp down the spread.
But stock markets were rising again on Monday, encouraged by news that Modernaâs vaccine for the virus appears to be highly effective.
Still, widespread distribution of a vaccine that would allow Americans to resume anything close to normal levels of travel, dining out and other types of spending on services that have been crushed by the pandemic is likely months away.
Economists continue to call for a new and immediate round of aid from Congress to help people and businesses weather the difficult time before the rebound is complete.
The Georgia secretary of state said on Monday that Senator Lindsey Graham, Republican of South Carolina, had asked him if it was possible to invalidate mail ballots in counties with high rates of mismatched signatures.
Secretary of State Brad Raffensperger made the comments in an interview with The Washington Post, in which he also said Mr. Graham had asked whether poll workers might have accepted ballots with mismatched signatures because of political bias. Asked for comment on Monday, a spokesman for Mr. Raffensperger referred back to The Postâs article.
Mr. Graham, the chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee, told reporters on Capitol Hill that it was âridiculousâ to suggest that he wanted to throw out legal ballots. He said he had asked Mr. Raffensperger for details about Georgiaâs signature verification process and suggested that it be made more stringent.
âYou hear all these crazy things out there â apparently if you send a mail-in ballot to a county, you know, where you live, a single person verifies the signature against whatâs in the database,â Mr. Graham said, adding: âI said, âDo you have power as secretary of state to require bipartisan verification of the signature?â Because right now they donât.â
In a CNN interview on Monday evening, Mr. Raffensperger said that Mr. Graham had asked âif the ballots could be matched back to the voters,â and that the implication had been âthat then you could throw those out if you look at the counties with the highest frequent error of signatures.â
The message he heard, Mr. Raffensperger added, was: âLook hard and see how many ballots you can throw out.â
Joseph R. Biden Jr. won Georgia by more than 14,000 votes in the initial count. A hand recount is underway, and an error uncovered in that process netted President Trump about 800 votes. That leaves Mr. Biden ahead by more than 13,000 votes, an essentially insurmountable lead for the rest of the recount to overcome, and he would have enough electoral votes to win the election even without Georgia.
The error â in Floyd County, a heavily Republican area northwest of Atlanta â was not related to signature matching. County election officials processed and tabulated a set of ballots but neglected to upload the results, Mr. Raffensperger said, adding that his office was calling for the county election director to resign.
Mr. Raffensperger said that the statewide recount would be completed by Nov. 18 and that Georgia would certify its results by Nov. 20.
âWeâre going to follow the process, follow the law,â he said on CNN. âThe results will be what they are. Iâm going to probably be disappointed, because I was rooting for the Republicans to win, obviously. But I have a process. I have a law that I follow. Integrity in this office matters.â
The recount in the presidential election will not end the uncertainty hovering over Georgiaâs politics. A runoff in the Senate race is set for Jan. 5. Senators Kelly Loeffler and David Perdue, both Republicans, face Democratic challengers.
In a Nov. 10 conference call with donors, hosted by the National Republican Senatorial Committee, senior Republicans, including Ms. Loeffler and Mr. Perdue, discussed the potentially harmful role Mr. Trump could play in the state as they acknowledged the likelihood that his bid for a different result in Georgia would fail.
The session also included the longtime Republican strategist Karl Rove, who is helping to fund-raise for the runoff campaigns.
Precise details of the conversation, first reported in The Washington Post, were shared with The New York Times by a person who was on the call and requested anonymity.
Acknowledging that âthere was an anti-Trump vote in Georgia,â Mr. Perdue said that without Mr. Trump on the ballot, âwe think some of those people, particularly in the suburbs, may come back to us. And Iâm hopeful of that.â
Mr. Perdue acknowledged, âPresident Trump, it looks like now may not be able to hold out,â and that, âweâre assuming that weâre going to be standing out here alone.â
Mr. Purdue also shared concern about demographic changes in the state, according to the details provided to The Times. âWeâve added two and a half million new active voters in Georgia in the last six years,â he said. âThey changed dramatically the face of the electorate in Georgia. Many of these new voters are from California, Illinois, New York, New Jersey, and theyâre not of the conservative persuasion.â But he said he was confident âwe can hold them off.â
Michelle Obama suggested President Trump was treating the transition like âa gameâ on Monday and pleaded with Republicans to âhonor the electoral processâ by accepting Joseph R. Biden Jr. as the president-elect.
âOur democracy is so much bigger than anybodyâs ego,â Mrs. Obama, the former first lady, wrote on Instagram, as she called out the president for âspreading racist liesâ about her husband.
Mrs. Obama, one of the most popular women in the world and an influential figure in the Democratic Party, began her post by recounting how painful it had been to acknowledge that Mr. Trump had won in 2016.
Mr. Trump, she said, had spread the racist birther lie that âhad put my family in dangerâ â but she was determined to follow the protocols of respect, cooperation and support that former President George W. Bush and his family adopted after President Barack Obama was elected.
Hillary Clinton, she said, âhad just been dealt a tough loss by a far closer margin than the one weâve seen this year,â she wrote. âI was hurt and disappointed â but the votes had been counted and Donald Trump had won.â
Mr. Trumpâs birtherism, she wrote, âwasnât something I was ready to forgive. But I knew that, for the sake of our country, I had to find the strength and maturity to put my anger aside.â So she instructed her staff in the East Wing to cooperate fully with her successor, Melania Trump, and her aides.
Mrs. Obama, who has delivered memorable convention speeches on behalf of Mr. Obama, Mrs. Clinton and Mr. Biden, did not campaign in person for Mr. Biden this year, but she helped the Biden-Harris campaignâs fund-raising and get-out-the-vote efforts.
Mrs. Obamaâs 2018 memoir, âBecoming,â blended her progressive political views with personal observations about growing up as a Black woman in America, and a candid discussion of what it was like raising children in the glare of public scrutiny.
In keeping with that approach, Mrs. Obama used her personal actions â namely meeting with Mrs. Trump to answer questions about life in the White House four years ago â to illustrate what she sees as Mr. Trumpâs dangerous violations of political traditions intended to stabilize the countryâs institutions after elections.
âThis isnât a game,â she wrote, addressing the presidentâs followers, and Republican leaders who have placated Mr. Trump by refusing to acknowledge Mr. Bidenâs status as president-elect.
âSo I want to urge all Americans, especially our nationâs leaders, regardless of party, to honor the electoral process and do your part to encourage a smooth transition of power, just as sitting presidents have done throughout our history.â
The plaintiffs in four federal lawsuits around the country challenging the integrity of the presidential election all filed notice Monday morning that they were dropping their cases.
In a coordinated move, the filings â in Michigan, Georgia, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin â came in rapid succession within less than an hour.
The cases were similarly structured: All had been filed by ordinary voters who claimed that the certification of the vote in key counties in their states should be halted because of election improprieties.
Each of them was overseen by James Bopp Jr., a conservative lawyer and former top official at the Republican National Committee. In a brief interview on Monday, Mr. Bopp declined to comment on the suits, saying that he did not want to telegraph his strategy if he ultimately chose to file more cases.
The notices of dismissal were brief and perfunctory, giving no reasons for dropping the cases.
Neither the Trump campaign nor Republican officials were parties in these particular suits, though President Trump has urged his supporters to challenge an election that he has repeatedly claimed, without substantial evidence, was the result of widespread fraud.
The campaign, Republican organizations and individual voters have cumulatively filed nearly two dozen suits in at least seven states that have failed so far to stop either the counting of votes or the certification of results. But the barrage of legal action challenging President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr.âs victory is not over.
Federal suits are still working their way through courts in Michigan, in Georgia and in Pennsylvania, where a judge in Williamsport is expected to hold a hearing on Tuesday. The Trump campaign also filed an appeal on Monday of a state court suit it lost in Michigan last week. And Rudolph W. Giuliani, Mr. Trumpâs personal lawyer, who is leading the postelection legal battle, has promised further suits.
Late Sunday night, a lawyer for the Trump campaign filed a new version of the Pennsylvania suit, cutting from it one of Mr. Trumpâs loudest and most persistent accusations: that Republican poll observers in the state were not given adequate access to monitor voting and vote-counting.
Lawyers for the Democratic Party have repeatedly argued that poll observers in Pennsylvania and other states have had adequate and equal access to counting process.
While the suit still mentions the alleged problems with observers in its introduction, they are no longer included among the formal counts in the complaint, meaning the campaign no longer has to provide evidence that those accusations are true.
The question that the reporter asked Joseph R. Biden Jr. on Monday was simple enough: Did canceling student-loan debt figure into his plans for the economy and would he take executive action to do so?
His response came during a question-and-answer session after Mr. Biden had delivered his first speech on the economy as president-elect.
âIt does figure in my plan,â Mr. Biden replied, before referencing legislation proposed by House Democrats that called for immediate forgiveness of $10,000 in student-loan debt as part of a pandemic-relief bill. âItâs holding people up,â he said about student debt. âTheyâre in real trouble. Theyâre having to make choices between paying their student loans and paying their rent, those kinds of decisions. It should be done immediately.â
He then offered an overview of plans he introduced during his campaign, including ensuring that anyone whose families made less than $125,000 would have access to free education.
But in his answer, Mr. Biden did not explicitly say whether he supported canceling all student-loan debt. Nor did he say if he would cancel student-loan debt through executive action â animating progressives, who have been seeking to push him further left on the issue for months.
Social media soon lit up with calls on the left for Mr. Biden to cancel all student debt, a signature policy issue championed by progressive leaders including Senators Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren.
With the stroke of a pen, the incoming administration can do more to shrink the racial wealth gap than any other in modern history.How?By canceling student debt.ALL OF IT(REMINDER, Black women are disproportionately overburdened by the student debt crisis)
If we can afford $1,900,000,000,000 in tax cuts for corporations and the super-rich, we can surely afford to cancel all student loan debt. https://t.co/MAGYvF9oZn
Already, the idea of canceling student-loan debt has been gaining some traction in the party. Mr. Biden himself has proposed a loan forgiveness program for workers in public service: For each year of service, for up to five years, workers would be eligible to have $10,000 of their undergraduate or graduate debt eliminated.
And Senator Chuck Schumer, the Democratic minority leader, said in a recent interview that he and Ms. Warren had a proposal to eliminate the first $50,000 of student-loan debt, and that he believed Mr. Biden could do so through executive action in the first 100 days of his presidency.
âWe believe that Joe Biden can do that with the pen as opposed to legislation,â Mr. Schumer said.
President Trumpâs campaign has until 6 p.m. Eastern time on Wednesday to pay $7.9 million if it wants to pursue a recount of the stateâs 3.2 million ballots. The Wisconsin Elections Commission announced the recount cost on Monday after receiving estimates from all 72 of the stateâs counties.
The estimate is about four times the cost of Wisconsinâs 2016 presidential recount, which came in at around $2 million. Meagan Wolfe, Wisconsinâs chief election official, said the higher bill is partly because of coronavirus protocols that need to be followed, including the âneed for larger spaces to permit public observation and social distancing.â
If the Trump campaign requests the recount and pays the cost upfront, a recount would begin Thursday and must be completed by Dec. 1, the commission said. Wisconsin law requires the election to be certified by the commission on Dec. 1. Unofficial results show that President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. beat Mr. Trump in Wisconsin by 20,470 votes â about 0.62 percent of the stateâs vote. State law requires a campaign requesting a recount to pay for it if the margin is greater than 0.25 percent.
Mr. Trump has so far not acknowledged that he lost Wisconsin to Mr. Biden, and the stateâs Republicans have largely followed his lead in refusing to say that Mr. Biden is the president-elect. The Wisconsin State Journal last week asked every elected Republican state legislator if Mr. Biden is the president-elect, and only one, who is retiring, said that he is.
Jenna Ellis, the legal adviser for Mr. Trumpâs campaign, did not rule out requesting or paying for a recount in Wisconsin. âThe legal team continues to examine the issues with irregularities in Wisconsin,â she said, âand are leaving all legal options open, including a recount and an audit.â
President Trumpâs national security adviser, Robert C. OâBrien, said in remarks aired on Monday that Mr. Trump appeared to have lost the election, and he said there would be âa very professional transitionâ from his staff.
âLook, if the Biden-Harris ticket is determined to be the winner â and obviously things look that way now â weâll have a very professional transition from the National Security Council,â Mr. OâBrien said.
His remarks may be the most conciliatory public assessment from a senior member of the Trump White House, even as the president maintains his baseless claims that he was the true winner of an election riddled with fraud. But even Mr. OâBrien spoke conditionally, suggesting that the outcome was not certain.
âIf there is a new administration, they deserve some time to come in and implement their policies,â Mr. OâBrien said during a talk recorded last week and streamed on Monday as part of a conference hosted by the Center for Strategic and International Studies. âAnd if we are in a situation where we are not going into a Trump second term, which I think people where Iâm sitting in the White House would like to see, if itâs another outcome, it will be a professional transition â thereâs no question about it,â he said.
Mr. OâBrien seemed to suggest that it was not too late to implement a smooth handoff, citing the weekslong delay after the disputed 2000 presidential election. âIâm old enough to remember Bush v. Gore, and the transition there didnât start until mid-December, and yet it got done,â he said.
But the special commission formed by Congress to study the roots of the Sept. 11, 2001, terrorist attacks specifically criticized that delay, finding that the 36-day holdup to the transition that year âhampered the new administration in identifying, recruiting, clearing, and obtaining Senate confirmation of key appointees.â
Aides and advisers to President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. are also frustrated that Mr. Trump has made major personnel changes to the countryâs national security leadership since the election, including the firing of Defense Secretary Mark T. Esper and the installation of several loyalists â some with thin resumes relative to their new posts â at key positions at the Department of Defense and the office of the Director of National Intelligence.
ATLANTA â Roughly two-thirds of the 5 million ballots cast in Georgiaâs presidential race have been recounted by hand as of Monday morning, with local elections officials reporting few problems and Democrats saying that the recount so far has not substantially changed President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr.âs lead over President Trump.
Over the weekend, election officials said that roughly 50 of the stateâs 159 counties had finished their recounts. All must complete recounting by Wednesday night.
Election officials declined Monday to release the results from individual counties. But Patrick Moore, a lawyer for Mr. Biden, said that Democrats had been keeping tabs on the county results and that only minor discrepancies had turned up.
âAs expected, the counties that have completed their audit thus far have shifted vote totals, but almost imperceptibly, and thus far in favor of Joe Biden,â Mr. Moore said on Monday.
The New York Times declared Mr. Biden the winner of Georgiaâs 16 electoral votes on Friday, joining a number of major news organizations. In the first round of counting, Mr. Biden outpolled Mr. Trump by more than 14,000 votes.
Even though it was the Trump campaign that had demanded that Brad Raffensperger, Georgiaâs secretary of state and a Republican, order a recount (Mr. Raffenspergerâs office says the process is technically an âauditâ), Mr. Trump disparaged the process over the weekend, writing on Twitter, âTheir recount is a scam, means nothing.â
Mr. Raffensperger has said repeatedly that the election in Georgia was legitimate. A spokesperson for Representative Doug Collins, the Georgia Republican who is leading the Trump campaignâs recount efforts, could not be reached.
Fulton County, which is Georgiaâs most populous and includes most of Atlanta, reported that it had completed its recount Sunday. Officials noted few problems as hundreds of workers in Atlantaâs downtown convention center plowed through more than half a million ballots.
In suburban Cobb County, northwest of Atlanta, a county spokesman, Ross Cavitt, said that most ballots had been recounted and that officials had found ânothing that indicates thereâs going be a substantial change in the results.â
The state must certify its overall results, reflecting any changes resulting from the recount, by Nov. 20.
After that, Georgia law enables the second-place finisher to request another recount if the difference in the vote totals is within half a percentage point. Mr. Trump, trailing by about 0.3 percent, is currently within that margin. The second recount would be entail running ballots through scanners, not hand counting.
Mr. Biden was the first Democrat since 1992 to win Georgia, and it was one of five states won by Mr. Trump in 2016 that Mr. Biden flipped. The outcome of the recount will have no bearing on his victory; Mr. Biden has earned 306 electoral votes, well over the 270 he needed to become president-elect.
When President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. takes office in January, he will inherit a pandemic that has convulsed the country. His transition team last week announced a 13-member team of scientists and doctors who will advise on control of the coronavirus.
One of them is Dr. CÃ©line Gounder, an infectious disease specialist at Bellevue Hospital Center and assistant professor at the New York University Grossman School of Medicine. In a wide-ranging conversation with The New York Times, she discussed plans to prioritize racial inequities, to keep schools open as long as possible and to restore the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention as the premiere public health agency in the world. Once a vaccine is available, she added, the administration will collaborate with public health departments and the private commercial sector to distribute it.
The incoming administration is contemplating state mask mandates, free testing for everyone and invocation of the Defense Production Act to ramp up supplies of protective gear for health workers. Indeed, that will be âone of the first executive ordersâ of the Biden administration, she said.
In a last-minute push to achieve its long-sought goal of allowing oil and gas drilling in the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska, the Trump administration on Monday announced that it would begin the formal process of selling leases to oil companies.
The lease sales could occur just before Jan. 20, Inauguration Day, leaving the new administration of Joseph R. Biden Jr. â who has opposed drilling in the refuge â to try to reverse them after the fact.
âThe Trump administration is trying a âHail Maryâ pass,â said Jenny Rowland-Shea, a senior policy analyst at the Center for American Progress, a liberal group in Washington. âThey know that what theyâve put out there is rushed and legally dubious.â
The Federal Register on Monday posted a âcall for nominationsâ from the Bureau of Land Management, to be officially published Tuesday, relating to lease sales in about 1.5 million acres of the refuge along the coast of the Arctic Ocean. A call for nominations is essentially a request to oil companies to specify which tracts of land they would be interested in exploring and potentially drilling for oil and gas.
The call will allow 30 days for comments, after which the bureau, part of the Interior Department, could issue a final notice of sales to occur as soon as 30 days later.
There was no immediate response to emailed requests for comment from the Interior Department or the Bureau of Land Management office in Alaska.
Any sales would then be subject to review by agencies in the Biden administration, including the bureau and the Justice Department, a process that could take a month or two. That could allow the Biden White House to refuse to issue the leases, perhaps by claiming that the scientific underpinnings of the plan to allow drilling in the refuge were flawed, as environmental groups have claimed.
Reflecting the importance of the January runoffs in Georgia that will determine control of the Senate, President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. will most likely campaign in the state before he takes office and funnel personnel and resources into the Democratic campaigns there, a top official said on Sunday.
âYouâll see the president-elect campaign down there as we get closer to Election Day,â Ron Klain, whom Mr. Biden tapped as his chief of staff last week, said on NBCâs âMeet the Press.â âWeâre going to put people, money, resources down there to help our two good candidates win. Iâm very hopeful that we can win those seats.â
If the Democratic challengers, Jon Ossoff and the Rev. Raphael Warnock, unseat both Republican incumbents, Senators David Perdue and Kelly Loeffler, and hand Democrats de facto control of the Senate, it will be far easier for Mr. Biden to enact his policy agenda on the coronavirus, health care, taxes, the environment and other issues.
The Democratic Senate candidates themselves took slightly different approaches to discussing the implications of the race on Sunday.
Speaking on CNNâs âState of the Union,â Mr. Warnock sought to downplay the national significance of the races. Instead, he stressed the vast wealth of his opponent, Ms. Loeffler; his own experience as the pastor of Atlantaâs Ebenezer Baptist Church, which the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. once led; and health care, the issue Democrats put at the center of most of their congressional campaigns this year.
âThis race is not about me â and Chuck Schumerâs name is certainly not on the ballot,â he said, referring to the Senate Democratic leader who would take control if Democrats snatched up both Georgia seats. âIâll tell you what is on the ballot. Health care is on the ballot. Access to affordable health care.â
Mr. Ossoff, the other Democratic candidate, eagerly outlined the sweeping implications of the contests in an appearance on ABCâs âThis Weekâ declaring, âWith Trump departing, we have the opportunity to define the next chapter in American history, to lead out of this crisis â but only by winning these Senate seats.â
Mr. Warnock and Mr. Ossoff are working closely together, too. But the differences in how they are talking about the race stood out as Mr. Perdue and Ms. Loeffler campaign as a packaged ticket, reading from the same carefully coordinated playbook that warns that Democratic victories would alter the course of the country in dangerous ways.
âWe are the last line of defense against this liberal socialist agenda that the Democrats will perpetrate,â Mr. Perdue said on Fox News. âWe heard Schumer say just last week, âIf we take Georgia, we change America.ââ
Mr. Perdue has said he will not participate in a debate with Mr. Ossoff that had been planned for Dec. 6 by the Atlanta Press Club, just weeks after he withdrew from another debate against the Democrat in the days leading up to the election. At their only face-to-face debate, in late October, Mr. Ossoff slammed the incumbent over his stock transactions, calling him a âcrookâ as the senator gazed uncomfortably into the camera.
Georgiaâs Senate battles come as Republican infighting over Mr. Bidenâs narrow win over President Trump in the state â and a hand recount of the results expected to be completed this week â intensified.
Writing on his official Facebook page Sunday, Georgiaâs Republican secretary of state, Brad Raffensperger, shot back at Mr. Trump over a tweet in which the president claimed that absentee ballots were prone to fraud. Mr. Raffensperger ridiculed the presidentâs top defender in the state, Representative Doug Collins, for suggesting the signature validation system implemented by his office was inadequate.
âFailed candidate Doug Collins is a liar â but whatâs new?â wrote Mr. Raffensperger, referring to Mr. Collinsâs third-place finish in the contest that sent Ms. Loeffler and Mr. Warnock to a runoff.
When President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. assumes the White House, repairing what has become a toxic relationship with China, the worldâs second largest economy, will need to be a top priority.
The hard choices for Mr. Biden will include deciding whether to maintain about $360 billion in tariffs on Chinese imports that have raised costs for American businesses and consumers, or whether to relax those levies in exchange for concessions on economic issuesor on other fronts like climate change.
But Mr. Biden will need to walk a careful line. He and his advisers view many of President Trumpâs measures, which were aimed at severing ties between the Chinese and American economies, as clumsy, costly and unstrategic. Mr. Trump placed tariffs on hundreds of billions of dollars of products from China, imposed sanctions on Chinese companies and restricted Chinese businesses from buying American technology â a multiyear onslaught aimed at forcing Beijing to change its trade practices and as punishment for its authoritarian ways.
And Mr. Trump shows no sign of letting up in his final days in office: On Thursday, he issued an executive order barring investments in Chinese firms with military ties.
Biden advisers say they want to take a smarter approach that combines working with the Chinese on some issues like global warming and the pandemic, while competing with them on technological leadership and confronting them on other issues like military expansionism, human rights violations or unfair trade.
But even if it departs from Mr. Trumpâs punishing approach, the Biden administration will be eager to maintain leverage over China to accomplish its own policy goals. And the new administration will face pressure from lawmakers in both parties who view China as a national security threat and have introduced legislation aimed at penalizing Beijing for its human rights abuses, global influence operations and economic practices.
The counties won by President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. experienced worse job losses, on average, during the initial wave of pandemic layoffs than the counties where President Trump was strongest in his bid for re-election.
After the worst of the downturn in April, many of the most affected red counties recovered far more swiftly than blue counties did. By September, as unemployment fell nearly everywhere, blue counties were more likely to have higher unemployment rates.
The economy is usually a big issue in election battles, and this election season saw both historically low levels of unemployment before the pandemic and later the worst rates of job loss since the Great Depression.
Mr. Trumpâs supporters said consistently as the election approached that the health of the economy was important to them. In exit polls conducted by Edison Research, among those who said the economy mattered the most across a range of issues, 83 percent voted for Mr. Trump, compared with only 17 percent who supported Mr. Biden.
This gap in unemployment between Trump and Biden counties plays out on a state level as well, and has persisted even after many people returned to work.
Research has shown that Democratic areas, which tend to be more urban and have higher concentrations of service jobs, were particularly devastated by the economic fallout early in the pandemic. Many of these blue-leaning areas, including Clark County, Nev., home to Las Vegas, rely on tourism. Miami-Dade County, Fla., is another blue county where the disappearance of tourists damaged the economy.
In states such as Alabama and Mississippi, blue-leaning counties also have higher concentrations of Black residents â a group that has been disproportionately vulnerable to job loss and has lagged behind white workers during the economic crisis.
This pattern, however, does not hold true in every part of the country. The state with the highest county unemployment rates in April was Michigan, with one out of every three residents in some counties out of work. Several of the worst-hit counties in Michigan went on to vote for President Trump.
The counties won by Joe Biden experienced worse job losses, on average, during the initial wave of pandemic layoffs than the counties where President Trump was strongest.
WASHINGTON â President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. has said that one of his first priorities will be rolling back his predecessorâs restrictive immigration policies. To do it, he may have to overhaul the Department of Homeland Security, which has been bent to President Trumpâs will over the past four years.
The department, created after the Sept. 11, 2001, attacks, has helped enforce some of Mr. Trumpâs most divisive policies, like separating families at the border, banning travel from Muslim-majority countries and building his border wall. When the president tried to reframe his campaign around law and order this year, Homeland Security leaders rallied to the cause, deploying tactical officers to protect statues and confront protesters.
Interviews with 16 current and former Homeland Security officials and advisers involved with Mr. Bidenâs transition, and a review of his platform, suggest an agenda that aims to incorporate climate change in department policy, fill vacant posts and bolster responsibilities that Mr. Trump neglected, including disaster response and cybersecurity.
The Trump administration enacted more than 400 changes to tighten or choke off immigration, and while Mr. Biden can roll back the ones issued through executive orders or policy memorandums, rescinding policies that went through the full regulatory process will take time, according to Sarah Pierce, a policy analyst for the Migration Policy Institute.
âOn immigration, I expect them to stick to things that are high profile, very easy procedurally and come with minimal logistical burden,â Ms. Pierce said.
That includes ending travel bans that restrict travel from 13 mostly Muslim and African countries and halting the Trump administrationâs efforts to strip protections for about 700,000 young immigrants brought to the country as children.
The new administration will end the national emergency declaration that allowed Mr. Trump to divert billions of Pentagon dollars to the border wall, but an adviser involved in the transition said there were no plans to dismantle the 400 miles of wall already up.
Other regulations will prove more challenging to unravel, like the maze of asylum restrictions imposed by the Trump administration and the public charge rule that allows green cards to be denied to immigrants who are deemed likely to use public assistance.
Jay Clayton, the former corporate lawyer who led the Securities and Exchange Commission during the Trump administration, will step down by the end of the year, he announced on Monday. The move was first reported in the DealBook newsletter.
In nearly four years as chairman, Mr. Clayton largely lived up to the pledge he delivered in his first speech on the job, forgoing âwholesale changes to the commissionâs fundamental regulatory approach.â He presided over a regime largely free of drama or major changes at the agency â aside from a prominent battle with Teslaâs chief executive, Elon Musk.
When he was chosen to head the S.E.C. in 2017, few expected Mr. Clayton to make waves. He had spent decades as a lawyer at the white-shoe law firm Sullivan & Cromwell, working with clients like Alibaba, Barclays and Goldman Sachs. His nomination by President Trump to fill a term that expires in June 2021 was somewhat of a surprise, given that Mr. Clayton had been known for being largely apolitical.
His focus at the agency was protecting âthe long-term interests of the Main Street investor,â he said. That approach surfaced in moves like stopping the car-rental company Hertz from selling stock while in bankruptcy protection and cracking down on cryptocurrency frauds.
He also expressed skepticism about the transparency of disclosures for special purpose acquisition companies, the blank-check investment funds known as SPACs that have become hot on Wall Street, echoing concerns that they may hurt ordinary investors while benefitting the savvy deal makers running them.
Critics contended that Mr. Clayton was too soft on business. But during his tenure, the commission pursued 3,152 enforcement cases, slightly more than the number brought by his predecessor, Mary Jo White, from 2013 to 2017, and also obtained orders for larger financial remedies than under the previous chief. That said, NPR reported that the S.E.C. brought just 32 insider-trading enforcement actions last year, the fewest since 1996.
The S.E.C.âs most prominent battle came when it sued Tesla in 2018 over Mr. Muskâs tweets about taking the carmaker private. It resulted in Mr. Musk stepping down as chairman and paying a $20 million fine. That same year, the commission accused Elizabeth Holmes, the founder of Theranos, of lying about her companyâs blood-testing capabilities. It extracted a $500,000 settlement and barred her from serving as an executive or director of a public company for a decade, though the agency did not require her to admit guilt.
Mr. Clayton followed in the steps of many Republican leaders of the S.E.C. in pursuing deregulation. Under his watch, the commission loosened rules governing the independence of corporate auditors, adopted a conduct standard for brokers that consumer advocates argue weakened protections and proposed making most hedge funds exempt from publicly disclosing their stock holdings, generating widespread opposition.
One of the most memorable moments of Mr. Claytonâs tenure had to do with a different government post. Earlier this year, he told Attorney General Bill Barr that he was interested in becoming the U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York, despite having never been a litigator. After Geoffrey Berman was fired from the post, a political firestorm effectively forced Mr. Clayton to back off.
It is unclear what Mr. Clayton plans to do next, though he is unlikely to take up another corporate role in the near term. Like other financial agencies, the commission is expected to get tougher on big business under President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr.
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