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While we should avoid sunburn, sometimes it’s easier said than done in the Australian sun

Once you get sunburned, there is no way you can undo the damage to your DNA, your skin structures, or speed up skin healing.You can only treat the symptoms

Sunburn is a radiation burn caused by exposure to excessive ultraviolet (UV) rays that severely damages the DNA in your skin.If your skin’s DNA monitoring and repair system determines that too much damage needs to be repaired, it flags destroys the cells and prompts the immune system to stop working

The immune cells and the extra fluid that presses into the skin cause swelling, redness, heat, and pain, which we know as sunburn. Blisters form when entire sheets of cells die off and lift off and fluid fills the space below to a dry scrub when large sheets of dead cells peel off to make way for fresh ones

While your skin does its thing, you can relieve symptoms and make yourself more comfortable

Get out of the sun first until the redness and pain have subsided, even if it lasts for several days. The full effects of a sunburn can last up to three days, and further UV exposure will only increase the damage

Next, check to see if you need medical help. In severe cases, second-degree burns can occur, destroying the lower layer of the skin and dermis, and preventing the skin from being able to effectively regulate fluid loss if you have a large area of ​​your skin Body have a second-degree burn, complications may include electrolyte imbalances due to excessive fluid loss or shock, including due to extreme fluid loss, secondary infections are also possible as the top layer of skin no longer acts as a hard barrier against germs. You should definitely see a doctor if you are :

Like a thermal burn, water is your friend. Drink a lot to correct dehydration from prolonged exposure to the sun, and replenish the liquid drawn into your skin. Cool baths, showers, or damp wipes ease the sensation of warmth and can help the whole Can be used as often as you want throughout the day

Avoid treating sunburn with ice, as this can make the situation worse as it creates severe vasoconstriction, in which blood vessels become severely narrow and the local blood supply to already damaged skin is disrupted

Moisturizing lotions can also help calm you down by retaining moisture However, avoid skin numbing creams unless directed by your doctor.Any water-based moisturizer should do the trick, including aloe vera gel

Despite its popularity as a home remedy, there is surprisingly little research on aloe vera for sunburn. There is promising data for its use in wound healing, but many studies have looked at orally ingested aloe extracts instead of gel on the skin

In any case, a commercial aloe vera gel will not harm you if you find it calming. Gel directly from the plant in your garden, however, carries the risk of soil-borne infections of the already damaged skin (warning: cruel pictures in this link)

Over-the-counter pain relievers like ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help reduce your sunburn and help you rest more comfortably.If your skin is very itchy, try an antihistamine US guidelines often suggest a low dose as well (05- 1 percent) hydrocortisone cream; There’s not much evidence of its effectiveness, but it won’t hurt you to try it for a few days, either

If you have blisters, try not to burst them as this will expose the damaged skin underneath to infection Cover them with a wound dressing if you’re tempted

While none of these agents will fix the harm in the way antibiotics cure an infection, you will feel more comfortable while your skin is healing itself

While you’re stuck indoors, you can determine exactly how you got burned and how to prevent it next time.Most sunburns happen when you haven’t expected to be outdoors for long, or when you’re sunburned Unlikely because the weather was cool, windy, or cloudy in these conditions, UV radiation is still present, but you don’t get the benefit of feeling hot as a reminder to get out of the sun

Katie Lee is a Research Associate and Monika Janda is Professor of Behavioral Science Both work at the University of Queensland H Peter Sover, Professor of Dermatology UQ, contributed to this article, which first appeared in The Conversation Professors Sover and Janda receive research funding from various sources published on The Conversation’s website

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ABC

World News – UK – 21 percent of Australians got sunburn this past weekend. If it was you, do this

Source: https://www.abc.net.au/news/2021-01-01/how-to-treat-sunburn-pain-and-change-habits-to-avoid-skin-cancer/13017582