Johnny Pacheco, the Dominican Republic-born band leader who co-founded the record label that made salsa music a worldwide sensation, died on Monday in Teaneck, N.J He was 85 years old

His wife Maria Elena Pacheco, known as Cuqui, confirmed death at Holy Name Medical Center Mr. Pacheco lived in Fort Lee, NJ

Fania Records, which he founded with Jerry Masucci in 1964, signed the hottest talents in Latin American music of the 1960s and 1970s, including Celia Cruz, Willie Colón, Hector Lavoe and Rubén Blades Mr. Pacheco, a gifted flautist who went on and off on stage and worked as a songwriter, arranger and director of Fania All Stars, the first super group of salsa

From the beginning he worked with young musicians who brought jazz, rhythm and blues, funk and other styles into traditional Afro-Cuban music

In the 1970s, Fania, sometimes called Motown of Salsa, was a powerhouse in Latin American music, and the Fania All Stars toured the world with the label spawning burning creative collaborations, like the one between Mr Colón, trombonist and composer, and Mr. Blades, a socially conscious lyricist and singer; and heroes like Mr Lavoe, the Puerto Rican singer who fought drug addiction and died of AIDS complications at age 46

Fania broke up in the mid-1980s due to a royalty lawsuit, and in 2005, Emusica, a Miami company, bought the Fania catalog and began releasing remastered versions of its classic recordings

Juan Azarías Pacheco Knipping was born on 25 Born March 1935 in Santiago de los Caballeros in the Dominican Republic.His father, Rafael Azarias Pacheco, was a well-known bandleader and clarinetist.His mother, Octavia Knipping Rochet, was the granddaughter of a French colonist and the great-granddaughter of a German merchant who had married a Dominican woman who was born to Spanish colonists

The family moved to New York when Johnny was 11 years old He studied drums at the Juilliard School and worked in Latin American bands before founding his own, Pacheco y Su Charanga in 1960

The band signed to Alegre Records and their first album sold more than 100 in its first year000 times According to its official website, it became one of the best-selling Latin albums of its time Pacheco’s career with the introduction of a new dance craze called Pachanga He became an international star and toured the US, Europe, Asia and Latin America

Fania Records was born from an unlikely partnership between Mr Pacheco and Mr Masucci, a former police officer, became a lawyer and fell in love with Latin American music during a visit to Cuba

From its humble beginnings in Harlem and the Bronx – where releases were sold out of the trunk of cars – Fania brought an urban sensibility to Latin American music.In New York, the music was called “salsa” (Spanish for sauce, as in hot sauce) and the Fania label started using it as part of their marketing

Under the direction of Mr. Pacheco, artists built a new sound based on traditional clave rhythms and the Cuban Son (or Son Cubano) genre, but faster and more aggressive.Much of the lyrics – about racism, cultural pride and the turbulent politics of the era – were a long way from that pastoral and romantic scenes in traditional Cuban songs

In this sense, salsa was “native American music that is just as much a part of the indigenous music landscape as jazz, rock or hip-hop,” wrote Jody Rosen in 2006 in the New York Times on the occasion of the new edition of the Fania master tapes – after they Collecting mold for years in a warehouse in Hudson, NY

Mr Pacheco teamed up with Mrs. Cruz in the early 1970s. Their first album, “Celia & Johnny”, was a strong mix of heavy salsa with infectious choruses and virtuoso performances. Thanks to Mrs. it soon became Gold Cruz’s vocal skills and Mr. Pacheco’s big band directing and his first track, the up-tempo “Quimbara”, helped propel Cruz’s career to Queen of Salsa status

The two have released more than 10 albums together Mr. Pacheco was the producer of her last solo recording “La Negra Tiene Tumbao”, which won the Grammy for Best Salsa Album in 2002

Over the years, Mr. Pacheco has produced for several artists and performed all over the world He contributed to soundtracks, including one for “The Mambo Kings,” a 1992 film based on Oscar Hijuelos’ novel “The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love.” He contributed to the Jonathan Demme film “Something Wild” with David Byrne, head of Talking Heads, one of his many eclectic partnerships

Mr Pacheco, who received numerous awards and honors in both the Dominican Republic and the United States, was inducted into the International Latin Music Hall of Fame in 1998. He wrote more than 150 songs, many of which are now classics

For many years he directed the Johnny Pacheco Latin Music and Jazz Festival at Lehman College in the Bronx, an annual event in association with the college (broadcast live in recent years) which brings together hundreds of talented young musicians studying music Stage offers in New York schools

In addition to this woman, Mr. Pacheco’s survivors include two daughters, Norma and Joanne; and two sons, Elis and Phillip

The salsa phenomenon that Mr. Pacheco hit a new high on August 23, 1973, with a sold out volcano show at Yankee Stadium where the Fania All Stars 40000 fans to a musical frenzy, led by Mr. Pacheco, his sweat-drenched white shirt with rhinestones The concert cemented the legendary stature of the band and his

In 1975 Fania released the long-awaited double album “Live at Yankee Stadium” which, despite the name, also contained material from a show at the Roberto Clemente Coliseum in Puerto Rico that had much better sound quality. The album brought the Fania All Stars their first Grammy nomination for Best Latin Recording a

Johnny Pacheco

World News – USA – Johnny Pacheco, who helped bring salsa to the world, dies at the age of 85

Source: https://www.nytimes.com/2021/02/15/arts/music/johnny-pacheco-dead.html