Author Lawrence Ferlinghetti reads a poem after receiving the Literarian Award for Outstanding Service to the American literary community at the National Book Awards in November 2005 | Henny Ray Abrams / AP Photo

SAN FRANCISCO – Lawrence Ferlinghetti, the poet, publisher, bookseller and activist who started the Beat movement in the 1950s and kept its curious and rebellious spirit well into the 21st Embodied into the century, died at the age of 101

Ferlinghetti, a San Francisco facility, died in his home on Monday, his son Lorenzo Ferlinghetti said a month before he turned 102 On his birthday Ferlinghetti died “in his own room”, holding the hands of his son and his son’s girlfriend, “as he took his last breath. The cause of death was a lung disease

Few poets have been as well known or as influential in the past 60 years. His books have sold more than 1 million copies worldwide, a fantasy for virtually every colleague, and he ran one of the world’s most famous and iconic bookstores, City Lights Though he never considered himself one of the beats, he was a patron and soulmate and for many a lasting symbol – he preached a nobler and more ecstatic American dream

“Am I a generation consciousness or just an old fool listening in and trying to escape America’s dominant materialistic avarice?” he asked in Little Boy, a stream of consciousness novel that started around the time of his 100th birthday Birthday

was published

He made history through the City Lights Publishing Arm, books by Jack Kerouac, William S Burroughs and many others came out, and the publication of Allen Ginsberg’s landmark poem “Howl” in 1957 resulted in an obscenity case that broke new ground for freedom of expression

He’s also defied history, with the internet, supermarket chains, and high rent shutting down numerous booksellers in the Bay Area and beyond, but City Lights remained a thriving political and cultural business with a section devoted to books that ” revolutionary competence ”, in which the employees could have the day off to take part in an anti-war protest

“In general, people seem to become more conservative with age, but in my case I’ve become more radical,” Ferlinghetti told Interview magazine in 2013. “Poetry must be able to cope with the challenge of the apocalyptic times even if it means sounding apocalyptic ”

The store held out even during the coronavirus outbreak when it had to close and 300It took $ 000 to stay in business A GoFundMe campaign quickly raised $ 400$ 000 a

Ferlinghetti, tall and bearded, with sharp blue eyes, could speak softly, in unusual situations even introverted and reserved.But he was the most public poet and his work was not intended for solitary contemplation.It should be recited or sung loudly, be it it in coffeehouses, bookstores, or at campus gatherings

This 1958 compilation, “A Coney Island of the Mind,” sold hundreds of thousands of copies in the U.S. Ferlinghetti alone was an outsider of the poetry community for a long time and once joked that he had “committed the sin of too much clarity. He called his style” wide open “and his work, partly influenced by ee Cummings, was often lyrical and childlike:” Peacocks went / under the night trees / in the lost moon / light / when I went out / in search of love, ”he wrote in“ Coney Island ”

Ferlinghetti was also a playwright, writer, translator and painter and had many admirers among musicians. In 1976 he recited “The Lord’s Prayer” at the band’s farewell concert, immortalized in Martin Scorsese’s “The Last Waltz” by the folk-rock band Aztec Two -Step removed her name from a line in the cover poem of Ferlinghetti’s “Coney Island” book: “A Couple of Papal Cats / Make an Aztec Two-StepFerlinghetti also published some of Pauline Kael’s earliest movie reviews, which became one with The New Yorker became the most influential critic in the country

He lived long and well despite a traumatic childhood.His father died five months before the birth of Lawrence in Yonkers, New York in 1919, leaving a sense of loss that haunted him but nonetheless caused much of the creative tension who drove his art His mother, who couldn’t cope with it, had a nervous breakdown two years after his father’s death. She eventually disappeared and died in a state hospital

Ferlinghetti moved between relatives, boarding houses, and an orphanage for years before being taken in by a wealthy New York family, the Bislands, for whom his mother had worked as governess. He studied journalism at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill , received a Masters in Literature from Columbia University and a PhD from the Sorbonne in Paris. His early influences included Ernest Hemingway, Thomas Wolfe, and Ezra Pound

Ferlinghetti hated the war because he was in 1945. He was a naval commander stationed in Japan and remembered visiting Nagasaki a few weeks after the U.S. had dropped an atomic bomb. He recalled that the slaughter made him an “instant pacifist”

He settled in San Francisco in the early 1950s and married Selden Kirby-Smith, whom he divorced in 1976 (they had two children) Ferlinghetti also became a member of the city’s burgeoning literary movement known as the San Francisco Renaissance, and soon helped create a meeting place. Peter D, Martin, a sociologist, had opened a paperback store in the North Beach neighborhood and named it after a recent Charlie Chaplin film: “City Lights When Ferlinghetti saw the storefront in 1953, he suggested we that he and Martin were to become partners, each contributing $ 500

Ferlinghetti later told the New York Times, “City Lights was the only place you could go in, sit down, and read books without being bothered to buy something”

The Beats that had met in New York in the 1940s now had a new basis. One project was City Lights’ Pocket Poets series, which offered inexpensive editions, particularly Ginsberg’s “HowlFerlinghetti, Ginsberg had read a version in 1955 and wrote to him: “Greetings at the beginning of a great career. When will I get the manuscript? “a humorous take on the message Ralph Waldo Emerson gave Walt Whitman while reading Leaves of Grass

Ferlinghetti published “Howl and Other Poems” in 1956, but customs officials confiscated copies of the book that was shipped from London and Ferlinghetti was arrested for profanity. After a publicly known court case, a judge ruled in 1957 that “Howl” was sexual despite its being sexual Topics was not obscene, and pointed to the relevance of the poem as a criticism of modern society. In a 2010 film about the “Howl” case, James Franco as Ginsberg and Andrew Rogers as Ferlinghetti could be seen

Ferlinghetti would also publish Kerouac’s “Book of Dreams,” Timothy Leary’s prison writings, and Frank O’Hara’s “Lunch Poems,” Ferlinghetti risked jail for “Howl,” but disapproved of Burrough’s classic “Naked Lunch,” fearing that it would Publication would lead to “certain deliberate madness” ”

Ferlinghetti’s eyesight has been poor in recent years, but he kept writing and giving regular lessons at City Lights The establishment has now warmed up to him, even if affection has not always been reciprocated. He became the first ever Poet Prize winner in San Francisco in 1998 and City Lights received landmark status three years later. He received an Honorary Award from the National Book Critics Circle in 2000 and a National Book Award medal five years later for “his tireless work for poets and the literary community at large”

“The dominant American commercial culture may globalize the world, but it is not the mainstream culture of our civilization,” said Ferlinghetti after receiving the award. “The real mainstream does not consist of oil, but of writers, publishers, bookstores, editors, Libraries, writers and readers, universities and any institutions that support them ”

In 2012 Ferlinghetti won the Janus Pannonius International Poetry Prize of the Hungarian PEN Club. When he learned that the country’s right-wing government was a sponsor, he declined the award

Lawrence Ferlinghetti

World News – USA – Lawrence Ferlinghetti, poet and activist, dies at the age of 101