Thanksgiving is a national holiday that has occurred every November since President Abraham Lincoln declared it in 1863. As you no doubt learned early in school, the real history of Thanksgiving goes back further than when and where, exactly but somewhat controversial

The tradition of celebrating an occasion with a festival all about food has ancient origins and dates back to the times of the Egyptians, Greeks and Romans, who all celebrated after an autumn harvest every year to honor their gods Jewish harvest festival of Sukkot was also referred to as the early version of Thanksgiving But in the US.At least Native Americans gathered for a long time with food and ceremonies to commemorate the fall harvest – long before settlers appeared on their shores

What we know as the modern day Thanksgiving holiday dates back to one of two events – one that took place in Virginia in 1619 and one in Plymouth in 1621 in what we now call Massachusetts, and there is a heated debate between states , which can rightly be called the birthplace of the harvest festival

The 1619 event took place in Charles City County, where 38 English settlers celebrated a religious festival with the order of the London Society group that “the day our ships arrive at the assigned location” in the country of Virginia is to be sacred annually and forever be held as a day of thanksgiving to Almighty God “

The 1621 Plymouth Festival is the better known of the two and is widely recognized as the first Thanksgiving Festival it came after the Pilgrim colonists suffered a brutal first winter in their new country after the Mayflower landed in November 1620, which stayed that winter many aboard the ship where they suffered from scurvy and infectious disease outbreaks. Only half of the passengers and crew survived the spring

When the remaining settlers ventured ashore, they were greeted by an Abenaki Indian who greeted them in English days later he returned with Squanto, a member of the Pawtuxet tribe, kidnapped by an English captain and into the Slavery had been sold before he fled to London and eventually returned to his homeland.Squanto taught pilgrims how to grow corn, fish in the rivers, and help them form an alliance with the local Wampanoag tribe

Thanks to the help of the tribe, the pilgrims enjoyed an abundant autumn harvest in 1621, which they celebrated with a festival that they shared with their new neighbors.The goodwill was unfortunately not permanent and the holiday is not celebrated today by many Wampanoag tribe members, because of the diseases that settlers brought with them and how they drove tribes from their land. Indeed, since 1970, harvest festival protesters have been gathering on Cole’s Hill overlooking Plymouth Rock to commemorate a “National Day of Mourning” (Similar Events take place across the country)

The Continental Congress designated one or more Thanksgiving days each year during the Revolutionary War, before George Washington issued the United States’ first Thanksgiving Proclamation in 1789, followed by John Adams and James Madison during their presidency, although not all of them were able to were to declare a national holiday Century officially adopted the annual Thanksgiving holiday

The magazine’s editor, Sarah Josepha Hale, is probably more responsible than anyone for making it a national holiday. In 1827 she began a 36-year campaign to make Thanksgiving a public holiday across the country until Lincoln made it a national holiday Hale, known as such during the Civil War, was nicknamed “Mother of Thanksgiving”

for her efforts

Lincoln scheduled Thanksgiving for the last Thursday in November, and it would be celebrated on that day every year until 1939, when Franklin D Roosevelt put it up a week to boost retail sales during the Great Depression. His plan met with major political opposition, and in 1941 he signed a bill making Thanksgiving on the fourth Thursday of November

Parades have become part of the holiday in cities across the United States over the years, with the most famous coming with the Macy’s Thanksgiving Day Parade in 1924. Turkey is the unofficial main course of the day, at least among meat-eaters

This is an important departure from the early Thanksgivings.While turkey, corn, and various fall vegetables were on the menu, there was also plenty of seafood (remember, the first Thanksgiving festival was near the ocean) historians believe that the colonists and wampanoag likely ate eels and shellfish such as lobsters, clams, and clams on that first Thanksgiving festival in 1621. Turkey may have been served, but duck or goose may have been the main attraction, as may smaller birds such as passenger pigeons; only the latter would have been cooked directly over the fire, while larger birds would probably have been cooked first and then perhaps a little roasted

Even without an oven, those early Thanksgiving celebrations were passed without pumpkin pie, so don’t be grateful for the options on your plate for anything else – even if it doesn’t sound quite as fancy as lobster

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History of Thanksgiving

World News – USA – The History of Thanksgiving, explained

Source: https://www.newsweek.com/history-thanksgiving-pilgrims-1550370